Thursday, 29 August 2019

The History And Evolution Of Toyota Camry

It's not hard to say that the Toyota Camry is one of the cars most often seen on Nigerian roads. The sedan is literally everywhere, and has been the bestselling car for decades, known for its bullet-proof reliability, comfort and overall safety. While the Toyota was not an exciting vehicle to drive or watch for much of its existence - let alone one of our favorite mid-sized sedans - its impact on the automotive market is undeniable. To trace
the roots of the Camry to the beginning, the history books must be traced back to 1983, let's have a look at how this all-too-familiar vehicle has changed in its 36 years of inconspicuous excellence:

1983-1986: First Generation (V10)

Introduced late in the 1983 model year Camry serves as a replacement for the Corona. Toyota uses a new name, Camry - derived from the Japanese word Kanmuri, which means "crown" - to distinguish this new four-door, front-wheel drive sedan from the rear-drive model that replaces it.
The first-generation Camry is available in both sedan and lift-back body styles and measures 175.6 inches (from some perspective, it is 7.5 inches shorter than today's Corolla sedan). It is initially offered with a 2.0-liter inline four-cylinder engine with 92 horsepower single-overhead injection combined with either a five-speed manual or a four-speed automatic transmission. A turbo diesel will be added later in the model, but only accounts for a small percentage of sales. More spacious than the Corona.

1987-1991: Second Generation (V20)
Four years after the launch of the first Camry, Toyota launched a second-generation model in 1987. The new model offers more interior space and more variety in the range. Although the wheelbase is identical to that of the first-generation Camry, the new car is longer and wider and has a larger trunk. The rounded lines also provide better aerodynamics, while maintaining the straight-line three-box sedan profile. A car spinoff is new and uses the same 16-valve 2.0-liter four-cylinder as the sedan. This new engine makes 20 hp more than before and makes a total of 112 hp.

1992-1996: Third generation (XV10)
The third-generation Camry, launched in 1992, marks a turning point in vehicle history. The new Camry is about five inches longer and two inches wider than before and offers much more space in the interior. The sedan and wagon versions continue, offering two new, more powerful engines: a 2.2-liter four-cylinder and a 3.0-liter V6.


1997–2001: Fourth Generation (XV20)

The home base of the automaker in Japan handles the other half of the engineering load. Bigger than before, with a wheelbase of two inches, this new Camry is still slightly lighter and cheaper than its predecessor. The two engines, a 2.2-liter inline four and a 3.0-liter V-6, are transmitted but with slightly more power for overall outputs of 133 and 194 hp.


2002-2006: Fifth Generation (XV30)
The Camry again experienced a growth spurt, which was accompanied in the early 2000s with a redesign. The fifth-generation model has a longer wheelbase and is larger than before. It provides an increased seating position for the driver and front passenger and more legroom for those sitting in the rear seats. Matching the size increase, the Camry receives a larger base engine, a 157-hp 2.4-liter four-cylinder. The 3.0-liter V-6 stays tuned, though this generation loses the combination of V-6 and manual transmission.

2007-2011: Sixth generation (XV40) 
At the end of the 90s, redesigns of the Camry have become a predictable affair. Every new one is bigger, more powerful and better equipped than before, and the sixth generation car is no different. When this new Camry comes on the market for 2007, Toyota will promptly sell more copies than any other Camry in the '07 calendar year. The 158-hp 2.4-liter four-cylinder is largely a carryover, but the 3.3-liter V6 falls in favor of a brand new 3.5-liter engine with a whopping 268 hp, which gives the Camry a considerable speed.


2012-2017: Seventh Generation (XV50)

A new Camry is coming for 2012 without much fanfare. The design is new but not exciting, and the drive-trains are for the most part delayed, with the exception of the hybrid drive, which receives updates and improved efficiencies. The seventh-generation Camry is the first to offer no manual transmission. The entire range is equipped as standard with an automatic transmission. The interior is slightly more spacious and is one of the first Toyota to offer the brand
new Entune infotainment system with smartphone connectivity features.


2018–Present: Eighth Generation (XV70)

Not only does the new car transition to an all-new platform for the first time in many years, that architecture is Toyota’s brand-spanking-new TNGA component set. The renaissance is perfectly timed: The Camry faces stiff competition from the also new Honda Accord. Believe it or not, the longtime rivals had never been redesigned for the same model year before, and 2018 is the first instance in which the two sedans have been all new at the same time.

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